Philippines. Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines, by. John T. Sidel. California: Stanford University Press, xii + US$, cloth. Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines, by John T. Sidel, Stanford: Stanford University Press, East-West Center Series on Contemporary. Capital, coercion, and crime: bossism in the Philippines This book focuses on local bossism, a common political phenomenon where local.
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Bossism in the Philippines, by John T. The book elaborates these arguments through case studies of bosses in two Philippine provinces, Cavite and Cebu. Social Tbe Research on Sout heast A sia 5: The author argues that the roots of bossism in the Philippines lie in the inauguration of formal democratic institutions at a bkssism early stage of capitalist development. Smuggling and States Along a Southeast Asian Portrayals of a “weak state” captured by a landed oligarchy have similarly neglected the enduring institutional legacies of American colonial rule and the importance of state resources for the accumulation of wealth and power in the Philippines.
The author, by contrast, argues that the roots of bossism in the Philippines lie in the inauguration of formal democratic institutions at a relatively early stage of capitalist development. Government Asia Centre International Relations. From the Philippine examples, we see that even seemingly untouchable bosses will fall though sometimes only temporarily when they lose an election. The DistrictLevel Dynasties of Cebu.
It is painfully obvious that bossism is highly damaging to Philippine society as a whole, at the very least because it corrupts electoral politics and hobbles the development of a truly representative democracy. Without acknowledging the local cultural context in which a state apparatus operates, the explanatory power of any political theory will be severely limited.
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Portrayals of a weak state captured by a landed oligarchy have similarly neglected the enduring institutional legacies of American colonial rule and the importance of state resources for the accumulation of wealth and power in the Philippines. Capital, Coercion, and Crime: The contrast between single-generation gangster politicians in Cavite and enduring capiatl dynasties in Cebu reveals variation in the forms of bossism that reflect variations in the local political economies of the two provinces.
Capital, coercion, and crime: bossism in the Philippines
The predatory nature of the Philippine state, according to Sidel, has its roots in American colonial efforts at nation-building in the early twentieth century. A highly centralized state apparatus composed entirely of un-elected persons hardly seems democratic. In the case of the Philippines, it is clear that certain cultural ceime configure social and political relations between bosses ckercion their supporters, as well as within a given network of bosses. Hutchcroft, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
These contradictions have encouraged bossism in the Philippines, as well as in other countries.
This book focuses on local bossism, a common political phenomenon where local power brokers achieve monopolistic control over an area’s coercive and economic resources. These conclusions should demand wide attention from the many scholars and policy specialists concerned with the recent wave of democratization across the globe.
A reader might infer from such statements that centralized authoritarian rule, by the military or by traditional elites, is the antidote to bossism, and that it is preferable to an electoral democracy in which citizens might be coerced or duped into electing the wrong people. The small-town dynasties of Cebu– 5. Contemporary Issues in Asia and the Pacific. These contradictions have encouraged bossism in the Philippines, as well as in other countries.
However, Filipino voters, with their indigenous cultural constructs, remain the most important locus for change, as it is they who must evaluate and deconstruct this state apparatus in order to effectively contradict, destabilize, and subvert the institution of bossism. Bossism and State Formation. For many years, the entrenchment of numerous provincial warlords and political clans has made the Philippines a striking case of local bossism.
Probing beneath the superficialities of election rituals, Sidel discovers the dynamics of a political-economic process of systemic coercion and corruption that may trouble the democratic transition in many newer nations and regies for decades to come.
Poverty and insecurity leave many voters vulnerable to clientelist, coercive, and financial pressure, and the state’s central role in capital accumulation provides the basis for local bosses’ economic empires and political machines.
Remember me on this computer. For many years, the entrenchment of numerous provincial warlords and political clans has made the Philippines a striking case of local bossism. Moreover, bossism is found throughout the world and in modern history. Bossism and state formation in the Philippines– 2. The story that Sidel tells is neither contrived nor sensationalized. Such a radical notion will prove jarring to many, but it certainly explains why some politicians in the Philippines cannot seem to help enriching themselves while in office.
Examples of bossism include Old Corruption in eighteenth-century England, urban political machines in the United States, caciques in Latin America, the Mafia in Southern Italy, and today’s gangster politicians in such countries as India, Russia, and Thailand. Stanford University Press, In fact, when bossism in other countries is considered, the key culprit seems to be, not a particular structural flaw in the development of national institutions, but electoral democracy itself.
Capital, Coercion, and Crime: Bossism in the Philippines – John Thayer Sidel – Google Books
The district-level dynasties of Bosism 6. Stanford University Press- Political Science – pages. Capital, coercion, and crime: Comparisons between bosses over successive historical periods highlight the gradual transformation of bossism through capitalist development. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Nielsen Book Data Of course, whether or not any election is legitimate or truly democratic is debatable.
By Oona Thommes Paredes The Philippines, as a Criime, post-colonial nation, has its share of fairly serious political, economic, and social problems.
Similarly, in early postindependence Indonesia, [ Click here to sign up. And though he does not mention it explicitly, Sidel is doercion troubled by this phenomenon, as are most Filipinos at home and abroad. Kerkvliet Limited preview – Sidel is to be commended for this highly objective analysis of Philippine bossism, and an honest portrayal of the predation and violence that pervade the electoral system.