The Vuilleumier cryocooler is a heat engine which uses heat energy rather for the machine, and detailes of design based an isothermal thermodynamic cycle. PDF | A detailed experimental results of one-stage VM cryocooler with Experimental study on a one-stage Vuilleumier cryocooler with large pressure ratio VM-PT cryocooler can be designed in several configurations. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Study of a Vuilleumier cycle cryogenic This effort led to the selection of an optimum refrigerator design for the LSIR the feasibility of using a Vuilleumier cryocooler to cool a flight-type detector [35].

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The recent progress in the cryocooler field is for a great deal due to the development of new materials with a high heat capacity below 10K. A Cryocooler is a standalone cooler, usually of table-top size.

All the gas is at room temperature. The analytical model can be used to clarity the working gas behavior in the system and determine the performance characteristics of the machine by calculating all losses to be mutually decoupled.

The cycle starts with the low-pressure lp valve closed, the high-pressure hp valve open, and the displacer all the way to the right so vuilleumied the cold region. Its position is synchronized with the motion of the displacer.

Heat exchangers are important components of all cryocoolers. Next it enters the warm high-pressure side of the counterflow heat exchanger where it is precooled. In its most extreme form an ideal regenerator has the following properties:.

Previous article Next article. At the inlet of the compressor the gas is at room temperature K and a pressure of 1 bar point a. One must also prevent oil vapor from entering the regenerator by high-quality purification traps. Another type of Stirling cooler is the split-pair type Fig.


A displacer is a solid body which moves back and forth in the cold head driving the gas back and forth between the warm and the cold end of the cold head via the regenerator. During the opening and closing of the valves irreversible processes take place, so GM-coolers have intrinsic losses.

In this way the efficiency is desgin and the high pressure is much lower than bar. It can easily be miniaturized, desitn it is also used on a very large scale in the liquefaction of natural gas. When used as a cryocooler it is preferable to use gas mixtures instead of pure nitrogen.

Register Already have an account? By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The liquid leaves the system at the bottom of the reservoir point cgyocooler and the gas fraction 1- x flows into the cold low-pressure side of the counterflow heat exchanger point f.

March 28, accepted: The pistons and the compressor casing don’t touch so no lubricants are needed and there is no wear.

Small Vuilleumier Cryocooler : Cryocooler Performance Analysis Based on Simple Model

Usually the motions of both pistons are driven by a common rotary axes which makes the motions harmonic. Basically cheap compressors of domestic refrigerators can be used, but one must prevent overheating of the compressor as it is not designed for helium.

After compression the gas temperature is ambient temperature K and the pressure is bar point b. It consists of a compressor, a counterflow heat exchanger, a JT valve, and a reservoir. It leaves the heat exchanger at room temperature point a.


The heat contact with deesign gas must be good and the flow resistance of the matrix must be low. From left to right it consists of a piston, a compression space, and heat exchanger all at ambient temperature T aa regenerator, and a heat exchanger, expansion space, and a piston all at the low temperature T L.

It leaves the exchanger at point c. These are conflicting requirements. Gifford-McMahon GM coolers [4] have found widespread application in many low-temperature systems e.

Usually helium is the working fluid.

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The work, performed during vuilleumirr expansion, is used to reduce the total input power. It is not so practical to have a cold piston, as described above, so, in many cases, a displacer is used instead of the cold piston. They provide stiffness in the radial direction and flexibility in the axial direction. Already have an account?

Journal home Journal issue About the journal. No work is required to move the displacer since, ideally there is no pressure drop over it. A schematic diagram of a JT liquefier, is given in Fig.

Demonstration testing of a Vuilleumier cryocooler with an integral

This is a clear disadvantage of this type of cooler. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The cooling cycle is split in 4 steps as depicted in Fig. Usually the regenerator and the displacer are combined in one body. Views Read Edit View history.