Mol Syndromol. May;8(3) doi: / Epub Feb Maternal Uniparental Disomy 14 (Temple Syndrome) as a Result of a. La disomía uniparental es una patología en la cual las dos copias de un cromosoma son heredadas de un mismo progenitor, en lugar de que. La disomía uniparental hace referencia a la situación en la que las dos copias de un cromosoma provienen del mismo progenitor, en lugar de que una copia.
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She thus examplifies a case of paternal UPD We only see a few in the first decade following publication of the concept. As a result, unipafental traits can be expressed.
Interestingly enough the journal Science rejected this report, apparently for describing a situation too exceptional for a broad readership; and, while accepted for publication by the American Journal of Human Genetic, the accompanying editorial almost echoed the very reasons why the other major publications had turned down the article.
Three other pairs came under suspicion of exercising harmful effects through a similar mechanism, although such an interference appears less and less certain for maternal chromosome 2, still quite likely for maternal chromosome 16 and definite for chromosome 20, both paternal and maternal, a topic in full evolution. This includes chromosomes 2, 5—11, 13—16, 21 and Chromosome abnormalities Q90—Q99 CR Acad Sci On ths slide, precisely, a pattern of homologous centric fusion for chromosome 22 is found in a woman who aborts ten times in a row before producing a normal female offspring who, in turn, in due time will abort seven times.
National Library of Medicine. Both these slides show the pace at which these uniparental pairs were uncovered since the first ones were identified. Low incidence or lack of study”.
Pseudohermaphroditism 5-alpha reductase deficiency. Edward Spence, Ronald G. Infobox medical condition Articles containing video clips. It also offered a most comprehensive review of the possible mechanisms leading to the occurrence of UDP. The first clinical case of UPD was reported in and involved a girl with cystic fibrosis and unusually short stature who carried two copies of maternal chromosome 7.
I thus started in the field at this most exciting period wich I call the Golden Years. Jean-Claude Malgouyres for assistance in preparing the graphic material for this lecture. It can also occur during trisomic rescue. My last slide is a symbol of my indebtedness to the many Authors who gave so much life to so simple an idea.
I now turn to another major player in the field of UPD, brought into action by Rob Nicholls et al, the phenomenon of genomic imprinting. Retrieved 29 February At this junction, in guise of more systematic approach, we can review, as shown here, the 47 possibilities of UPD for wholesale chromosomes, namely 22 paternal and 22 maternal pairs for the autosomes as well as 3 more pairs for the sex chromosomes, one maternal XX and two paternal ones, namely XX or XY. Thank you, indeed for your hospitality.
Tue Nov 6 Most remarkable, is not it? Some of these have indeed been observed more than once.
Maternal Uniparental Disomy 14 (Temple Syndrome) as a Result of a Robertsonian Translocation.
This is an ambitious title to deal with. Maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 14 upd 14 mat or Temple syndrome is an imprinting disorder associated with a relatively mild phenotype.
However, if the UPD-causing event happened during meiosis II, the genotype may include identical copies of the uniparental chromosome isodisomyleading to the manifestation of rare recessive disorders. Such a luck in this case will not occur at the next generation in spite of 7 trials ending in as many abortions. Therefore, in this instance, although normal looking, the second maternal chromosome 15 was lacking the genetic expression of a proper paternal one.
And thus, after many months of cogitation, I came to spend one night, from a saturday to a sunday, to put down a draft of this idea in writing. She, in turn, produces a balanced male offspring born after 5 spontaneous abortions. Here, amazingly, UPD 13 has taken place over two generations, once of paternal and once maternal origin, while the other parental 13 has not made its way in the embryonic cells!
Spence et al, Voss et al. Occasionally, all chromosomes will be inherited from one parent. Complete congenital achromatopsia rod monochr.
And so on for several other UPDs causing a proportion of syndromic conditions of reasonably well documented overall frequencies. The final diagnosis of upd 14 mat was made by microsatellite analysis, which showed a combination of heterodisomy and isodisomy for different regions of chromosome This review is comprised of 18 maternal and 14 paternal numbers, for a total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
In this composite picture the dwarf sitting on the shoulders of the giant is the personn who sees the farthest. On the other hand, two thirds of the bearers of homologous centric fusions will display a uniparental pair for the involved number. Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine. We had come to learn that one half or so of these aborted fetuses showed major chromosome anomalies, half of them as a trisomy, one fifth as an X-monosomy and one third as a polyploidy, mostly triploidies.
Retinis, Usher type II. They all pointed to the high rate of gamete aneuploidy, as a fact of observation which served as the basic of the UPD concept and suggested the fairly simple idea that, sometimes, somehow a diploid individual might be conceived or could develop, with one of the 23 chromosome pairs from one single parent.
Uniparental disomy – Wikipedia
In addition, the boy presented with many phenotypic features associated with upd 14 mat along with hypoesthesia to pain, previously unreported in this disorder, and bilateral cryptorchidism, also rarely described.
Mosaicism involving two somatic cell types also results from this.
And, it is as much as I shall now devote to this aspect of non-traditional inheritance in UPD. Most occurrences of UPD result in no phenotypical anomalies.
Indian Journal of Human Genetics.