Geographic Range. Pig-nosed turtles have a very restricted range, being found in the northernmost river systems of the Northern Territory of Australia and in. The pig-nosed turtle is the sole surviving member of its entire family, Carettochelyidae, and sits alone on a branch of the tree of life reaching back around Learn more about the Pig-nosed turtle – with amazing Pig-nosed turtle videos, photos and facts on Arkive.

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During the wet season, pig-nosed turtles usually migrate into the lower estuarine floodplains.

Biology of the Reptilia, Morphology A, Volume 1. In addition to the flipper-like forelimbs, the webbed hind limbs are used for both paddling and steering, while the carapace is quite streamlined, and lacks hard protective scutesinstead being covered with soft, pitted, leathery skin. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species.

19. Pig-nosed Turtle

A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. First record of the pitted-shelled turtle, Carettochelys insculpta, from Australia. Skeletal characters that diagnose carettochelyids and trionychids as a monophyletic group include fusion of the left and right premaxillae, lack of bony carettcohelys between the carapace and plastron, strong suturing of the ribs to the vertebral centra, a relatively long coracoid caettochelys, contact between the radius and ulna adjacent to the manus, and three or fewer clawed digits.

Their known extreme aggression [6] in captivity suggests the species is markedly more territorial than most other turtles and tortoises. Groombridge and Wright, ; Zug, et al.

Pig-nosed turtle videos, photos and facts – Carettochelys insculpta | Arkive

Molecular Ecology Like other turtles, they have eyes for visual perception of their environment, although the turbid waters in which they are often found likely relegates vision to a secondary sensory role.


Nesting usually occurs in the dry season, from July to November in Australia, or September to February in Papua New Guinea 7 8 9 12and each female will lay two clutches a year, but only breed every other year Archived from the original PDF on 17 December Blacksaddled coral grouper Plectropomus laevis.

A thick protruding snout with laterally-placed nares gives the head of C. A phylogenomic analysis of turtles. The research website of Dr.

This exploitation has been exacerbated in recent times by the introduction of modern technology, principally outboard motors. African manatee Trichechus senegalensis. These flippers lead to a rather clumsy gait on land, thus leading pig-nosed turtles to spend most of their time in the water.

Warnock and Philip C. Carettochelys insculpta is the only living member of the genus Carettochelysthe subfamily Carettochelyinae and the family Carettochelyidae, though several extinct carettochelyid species have been described from around the world. Further records of the pitted-shelled turtle Carettochelys insculpta from Australia. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the higher categories of cryptodiran turtles based on a cladistic analysis of chromosomal data.

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Unlike other freshwater turtles, the pig-nosed turtle has flippers, resembling those insclupta a sea turtle more than a freshwater carethochelys. The pig-nosed turtle feeds on a wide variety of foods, including aquatic plants and the leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds of riverside vegetation, as well as insects, crustaceansmolluscsworms and fish. This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Their eggs are highly prized and are sold in markets.

There are no known adverse effects of pig-nosed turtles on humans.

Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” inscuulpta copying and pasting the code below. Sign inscul;ta to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Glossary Brackish Slightly salty water, usually a mixture of salt and freshwater, such as that found in estuaries. Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. Females also avoid beaches that are dominated by submerged vegetation. In the Daly River, turtles nest and lay two clutches of eggs during the dry season July-Octoberevery other year.


This specimen was collected from the Indonesian portion of New Guinea. Journal of Herpetology The tail bears a single line of scales on the carettkchelys surface, and each limb bears two claws 7 8.

Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Maternal choice of nest site can have a great impact on embryonic development, determining offspring sex and survival rate. Little is known of pig-nosed turtle ecology.

ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed.

Pig-nosed turtle fact file Description Biology Range Habitat Status Threats Conservation Find out more Glossary References Print factsheet Pig-nosed turtle description Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Reptilia Order Testudines Family Carettochelyidae Genus Carettochelys 1 The pig-nosed turtle Carettochelys insculpta is the sole surviving member of an ancient and once widespread family 4 5 6 7and is unusual in that, with its long, paddle-like forelimbs, it more closely resembles the marine turtles than other freshwater turtle species 8 9.

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